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Horse Braces

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Orthodontics for horses

Horses rarely need orthodontic appliances, because even with a slight malocclusion or minor misalignment, they are able to chew their food properly and so these problems pose no threat for the future. However there have been some cases where orthodontic treatment was implemented. If a foal is born with parrot mouth (overbite) or sow mouth (underbite), wires are fitted to slow the growth in one jaw to allow the other one to catch up. Wry mouth is also an issue, where the upper or lower jaw is slightly shifted to one side. This problem however is corrected by surgically fracturing and realigning the jawbones. (Beyond Basic Equine Dental Care) There was also a case in the Netherlands where an Arabian horse was presented with extreme swelling of the cheek. The horse had some extra teeth (they are called supernumerary teeth), so they needed to be extracted. After sufficient healing time, in order to fit the premolar tooth (which had been displaced due to the supernumerary teeth), lag screws were inserted into the palate bone and elastic chains were wrapped around the tooth to create movement, so all the teeth would fit in the alignment. (Pollaris p.21-22)

Parrot Mouth:

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Retention wires, acrylic plate and aluminium inclined plane attached to upper jaw to correct overbite and attain proper incisor contact

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