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Cat Braces

Yawning Cat

Orthodontics for cats

So far fewer braces have been applied on cats than dogs, but the methods to solve similar problems are almost identical. Likewise to dogs, some cats develop malocclusion, because the adult teeth do not erupt in the right places. (Orthodontics In Cats) This can cause minor to severe discomfort, thus the animal may be dealing with infectious diseases, nutritional imbalances, endocrine problems and chemical and radiation effects. If the feline isn’t suffering yet, most importantly braces treatment is required to prevent future problems. These problems can include temporomandibular joint abnormalities, periodontal disease, soft tissue trauma, facial growth, development aberrations, etc. (Dental Braces For Cats)

Problems:

Underbite:

The mandible is more forward compared to the maxilla. Malocclusion occurs and the cat is unable to close their mouth properly.  

Overbite:

The  maxilla is more forward over the mandible and there is an increased distance between the occluding teeth.

Crowded Teeth:

Occurs when the normal alignment of the teeth is disrupted - usually because the jaw is too small. This leads to plaque build up and therefore eventually tooth loss.

Other:

There are also other problems (same as the ones with dogs) such as base narrow canine, anterior crossbite, posterior crossbite that also occur in cats and are treated similarly to dogs. (Teeth Misalignment In Cats)

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Solutions:

Crown Amputation/Reduction:

The reduction of the height of the teeth (most often the canine), because the tooth is causing traumatic contact with other teeth or soft tissue. As the top part of the tooth is removed, the inner pulp cavity containing the nerves, lymphatics and blood vessels gets exposed. A filling is placed on the exposed internal tissue and is sealed to prevent bacteria from entering. This is a beneficial method as tooth extraction can be avoided. (Orthodontics In Cats)

Buttons and Elastics:

Buttons are attached to the teeth as well as elastics to pull the teeth in the desired direction to function properly. (Orthodontics In Cats)

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